Let’s start with the necessary clarifications:
CBD, or Cannabidiol, is a chemical compound referred to as a photo cannabinoid is a type of cannabinoid found in plants. Both “marijuana” and industrial hemp plants, each of which being a variety of the Cannabis species, produce these so-called phyto-cannabinoids. Compared to “marijuana” plants, industrial hemp produces only trace amounts of the THC cannabinoid, or Tetrahydrocannabinol. Whereas THC is intoxicating, CBD is non-psychotropic (or non-intoxicating), meaning that it does not produce a “high” that is often associated with “marijuana” varieties. Both of these cannabinoids interact with our Endocannabinoid system, which includes our brain and our neuro-system. Therefore, CBD is, technically, psychoactive since it crosses the blood-brain barrier. On the other hand, THC is psychotropic by inducing euphoric effects and altering our mental state. Technically marijuana and industrial Hemp are the same plant with a genus and species name of Cannabis Sativa, but with different genetic profiles. An important distinction is how the plants are cultivated. Typically, industrial hemp is very fibrous, with tall, sturdy stalks, and very few flowering buds. Whereas, the marijuana plant typically grows shorter and bushier with a profusion of buds.
It’s important to note, again, that the marijuana plant has a high amount of the mind-altering tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and only a small amount of cannabidiol (CBD), while hemp has a very high concentration of CBD and a minimal amount of THC.
With the 2018 Farm Bill, it is now federally legal in all 50 states to grow industrial hemp to produce hemp-derived products containing CBD, that is only if it contains less than .30 percent of THC. Under the Controlled Substance Act, “marijuana”, however, is still federally illegal as it is treated as a schedule I controlled substance.
In the USA, the legal definition of “industrial hemp”, per Section 7606 of the Agricultural Appropriations Act of 2014, is: “INDUSTRIAL HEMP — The term ‘‘industrial hemp’’ means the plant Cannabis Sativa L., and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, contains a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.”
At Medicinal Blends, all of our CBD products are derived from industrial hemp. We strive to use only full-spectrum hemp extract, meaning that we use the whole plant. Full-spectrum includes all of the cannabinoids found naturally in the plant, in addition to its naturally occurring terpenes. Whole plant extract implies that you don’t miss out on any of the plant’s healing benefits.
In addition to the benefits of cannabinoids, whole plant hemp extract is a natural source of essential vitamins, minerals, omega fatty acids, terpenes, flavonoids, and chlorophyll. For this reason, full-spectrum products provide a wide array of benefits based on a fascinating phenomenon called the Entourage Effect. The entourage effect occurs when cannabinoids and terpenes work together synergistically towards homeostasis. When CBD, minor cannabinoids, and terpenes are used together they work more effectively within our ECS—meaning that the therapeutic benefits of the whole plant are greater than the sum of their individual parts. Because of this, our full-spectrum Medicinal Blends products offers superior relief from anxiety, stress, insomnia, pain, inflammation, and more.
CBD is an acronym for Cannabidiol (Can-a-bid-i-ol). The plant genus Cannabis produces over 100 different cannabinoids. Before we consume what we know as CBD, the plant first produces its acidic precursor. For example, CBD is the precursor to CBD. CBDa is an acronym for Cannabidiolic acid, and in order to become CBD, CBD must undergo a chemical process using the application of heat. This process is referred to as decarboxylation.
CBD makes up to 40% of the hemp plant. Of the many present compounds found within cannabis, CBD and THC are, generally, the two most present cannabinoids with the most significant concentrations. Consequently, they are the most identified and analyzed through scientific research. Through this scientific research, along with anecdotal evidence, CBD is found to be a non-intoxicating component of hemp that holds a wide range of therapeutic benefits.
How does CBD work, you might ask? We are all born with an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that uses its own naturally-occurring cannabinoids, referred to as endogenous cannabinoids or endo-cannabinoids, to support healthy cell growth and promote overall homeostasis within our bodies. When there is an insufficiency of these endocannabinoids, it can point to any number of ailments. CBD, being a phyto-cannabinoid, works indirectly with our ECS to renew and regenerate our body’s natural cannabinoids, therefore restoring our cells to a balanced and healthy state.
Scientists have found that endo-cannabinoid compounds and their corresponding receptors exist in virtually every living cell and organ system in the human body. Therefore, cannabinoids play a crucial role in regulating the body’s equilibrium by interacting with the ECS to help manage our sleep cycles, pain response, and immune systems, while also working to boost our emotional well-being.